潜江市激光祛痘哪家医院好健步面诊
时间:2017年11月23日 19:11:52

“NANNY”, “tyrant”—these were among the charges hurled at Michael Bloomberg, New York’s mayor, when he proposed a ban on big fizzy-drink bottles last May. The billionaire shrugged and pushed forward. However even Mr Bloomberg must heed a court order. The American Beverage Association, which represents Coca-Cola and other soda companies, has sued. Mr Bloomberg’s ban is due to start on March 12th, but a judge may intervene.去年五月,纽约市长迈克尔﹒布隆伯格提出要全面取缔大瓶汽水的销售后,“奶妈”“暴君”——人们对市长的指责接踵而至,甚嚣尘上。然而这位亿万富翁却不以为然,执意要将禁令进行到底。作为可口可乐等一众汽水公司的利益代表人,美国饮料协会将布隆伯格告上了法庭,面对法庭指令,市长不可掉以轻心。他的禁令将于3月12日生效,不过法院届时可能会进行干预。Three years after Michelle Obama launched her Let’s Move! campaign, the fight against childhood obesity faces a tactical problem. Recent years have seen dipping obesity rates in a few places, including New York, Mississippi and Philadelphia. But 17% of American children are still obese. The question is how to speed up progress. Further bans look increasingly unlikely.距离美国第一夫人米歇尔﹒奥巴马发起“动起来!”运动已过去三年,如今应对儿童肥胖的斗争却陷入了策略上的泥淖。近些年,包括纽约,密西西比和费城在内的许多地区,肥胖率都在直线下降。但仍有17%的美国儿童过于肥胖。问题在于如何推动减肥运动的发展。颁布禁令的做法显得愈发不可靠。Voluntary programmes remain politically much easier. Mrs Obama has exhorted firms to take action. Many companies have. On March 6th the Partnership for a Healthier America, a business group, published a report praising its members for putting more grocers in poor areas and healthier foods at restaurants. Sixteen food and beverage companies have promised to slash a combined 1.5 trillion calories from their products by 2015. Their first progress report is due in June. The long-term effect of these efforts may be slim. For example, even if the food and drink firms keep their promise, they would cut just 14 calories from the average American’s daily diet.志愿项目依旧能获得政策上的持。米歇尔敦促各企业采取行动。许多公司也积极响应,身体力行。3月6号,在集团企业“健康美国伙伴”发布的报告中,就对其下属公司在贫困地区增设杂货店,为餐厅提供健康食品的举措予以赞扬。16家食品和饮料公司承诺在2015年前减少全部产品1.5万亿的卡路里值。它们的进度报告将于六月出炉。然而,所有的努力都禁不起长远的推敲。例如,即使食品和饮料公司遵守诺言,美国人均日常饮食的热量也只能降低14卡路里。Regulations might bring bigger change, but recent years suggest that such rules will come slowly, if at all. Congress did pass a law requiring healthier school lunches, though its effects are limited. Other attempts at national regulation have stalled. Four federal agencies studied voluntary guidelines to limit junk-food advertisements to children. Under pressure from Congress, the agencies dropped the effort. Obamacare requires that all restaurants and cinemas post the number of calories in their foods. The Food and Drug Administration proposed a rule for s in 2011, but has yet to finalise the regulation.立法是较为行之有效的办法,但近几年的实践表明,规定的制定周期十分漫长。国会也确实出台过要求学校改善伙食质量的相关法律,然而收效却微乎其微。其他试图制定全国法规的努力均以失败告终。四所联邦政府机构通过对援项目指导方针的研究,提出限制垃圾食品广告播放时间的构想,但迫于国会压力,不得不半途而废。奥巴马医改计划要求所有的餐厅和影院都必须在提供的食品上标注卡路里含量。尽管2011年的时候,食品和药品提出制定一项有关菜单的法规,但至今都没能如愿以偿。Cities and states are more likely to act than Congress (hardly a high bar), but they face their own challenges. Last year the beverage lobby spent more than .8m to defeat a soda tax in the small city of Richmond, California. Even Mr Bloomberg, the anti-obesity crusade’s most fervent warrior, can only do so much.比起国会(并非障碍),城市和各州更愿意改变,但是挑战无处不在。去年,位于加利福尼亚州的小城里士满欲向苏打汽水征税,当地持饮料业的游说团体斥资280万将其扼杀在襁褓之中。即便是反肥胖运动最忠诚的斗士——隆伯格市长也黔驴技穷。He and his health commissioner, Thomas Farley, have aly improved school lunches, installed bike lanes and paid for revolting posters that show soda turning to fat. Their efforts seem to be working. From 2003 to 2011 obesity rates among poor four-year-olds dropped from 20% to 17% (see chart). Obesity rates in older children dropped 5.5% from 2006 to 2011, though mostly among richer ones.他和他的卫生专员,托马斯﹒法利,改善了学校的伙食,增添了自行车道并且制作了令人厌恶的海报以展示汽水如何转变为脂肪。他们的努力卓有成效。从2003年至2011年,4岁贫困儿童的肥胖率由20%降至17%(见图表)。大龄儿童的肥胖率也在2006年至2011年间降低了5.5%,尽管以富裕家庭为主。Mr Bloomberg wants to do more. But New York state rebuffed his bid for a statewide soda tax. Federal regulators rejected his attempt to ban the purchase of soda with food stamps. Now his size limit may be scrapped in court. Other cities are watching closely. If it can fail in New York, it will fail anywhere.布隆伯格志在千里。他希望在全州范围内征收汽水税,却遭到了纽约州政府的反对。他试图禁止贫困者用政府发放的食物券购买汽水,却遭到了联邦监管机构的拒绝。法院现在很可能否决他禁售大瓶汽水的决议。其他城市对此热切关注。因为成也纽约,败也纽约。 /201303/229128

She is the stunning Chinese student whose graduation pictures proved so popular they caused her university website to crash after being uploaded onto the homepage.这名清新美丽的中国学生的毕业照在上传学校主页后大受欢迎,造成网站页面一度瘫痪。 /201306/245880

A fizzy drink addict who sank a staggering eight litres of cola a day has lost all his teeth - and he#39;s only in his twenties.一位气泡饮料爱好者每天竟然喝掉8升可乐,然后,二十几岁所有牙齿就掉光了。Australian hotel hospitality worker William Kennewell ignored repeated warnings from dentists that his fondness for soft drinks would rot his teeth and has now been left with a full set of dentures at the age of 25.澳大利亚的酒店应侍生William Kennewell无视牙医“多喝饮料会蛀牙”的警告,现在,25岁的他只能靠假牙生活。Mr Kennewell#39;s addiction to the sugary drink even left him with blood poisoning.Kennewell对软饮料的上瘾甚至使他得了败血症。He said: ‘I drank between six and eight litres of soft drink, mostly cola, every day.他说:“我每天喝6-8升软饮料,其中绝大部分是可乐。”‘I’m told a normal person has about 23 teeth, but I only had 13 left and they had to be removed,’ he told The Advertiser newspaper in Adelaide.他对阿德莱德市的《广告人报》说道:“我听说正常人有约23颗牙齿,但我只剩下13颗,而且这13颗还必须都拔掉。”In fact, most adults will have 28 or 32 teeth, depending on whether they have their wisdom teeth.实际上,大多数成年人有28-32颗牙齿,这变动取决于他们是否有智齿。Mr Kennewell, who lives in Salisbury, 15 miles north of Adelaide, added: ‘It started because I wasn’t a huge water fan and working in the hotel industry, I had easy access to Coke.Kennewell居住在阿德莱德以北15英里的索尔斯伯里,他补充说:“这是因为我不怎么爱喝水,而且我在酒店行业工作,所以喝可乐很方便。”‘Because my teeth were decaying so badly, it caused blood poisoning which just made me sick – but my health improved with the dentures.’“因为蛀牙很严重,我甚至因此得了败血症,还好假牙帮助我恢复了健康。”Australian health experts are now using Mr Kennewell#39;s addiction as a case study to show why youngsters should avoid fizzy drinks.澳大利亚的卫生专家正把Kennewell的饮料上瘾当做一个研究案例,来告诉青少年为什么要少喝气泡饮料。Dr Jason Armfield, senior research fellow with the Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health has called for health warnings on soft drink labels to include the risks of tooth decay.澳大利亚人口口腔健康研究中心高级研究员Jason Armfield士呼吁人们认识软饮料饮用对牙齿健康的危害。He has aly conducted research among 16,800 Australian children that found 56 per cent of those aged between five and 16 consumed at least one sweet drink – a soft drink or juice – every day.他已经进行了一项针对16800澳大利亚儿童的研究,并发现其中56% 5-16岁的孩子每天至少饮用一种含糖饮料,软饮料或者果汁。Mr Kennewell agreed that health warnings on soft drinks was a good idea – but he wondered how effective they would be.Kennewell认为针对软饮料的健康警告是个好主意,不过他担心这种呼吁能起到多大效果。It is little wonder that Mr Kennewell#39;s teeth rotted, as the average 335ml can of cola contains an astonishing 39g of sugar.毫无疑问,Kennewell的牙齿被蛀光是因为335毫升的可乐中含有高达39克的糖。 /201302/224751


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